Zamal, cannabis from Reunion Island
Cannabis or marijuana is a plant that at the moment can be identified in all corners of the planet. There is clear proof that the cannabis plant originated in the Eastern/Central Asian regions. Then, it spread to the Middle East, and afterwards, to each the African and American continents.
More than the centuries, via traveling and industrial activities, humanity established cannabis cultivation in places exactly where it didn’t develop naturally. A ideal instance of this expansion is Zamal, the strain that reached Reunion Island and acclimatized to the point of developing spontaneously as a pure landrace for more than two centuries.
Exactly where does the Reunion Zamal come from?
Reunion Island is positioned to the east of Madagascar, at around 21ºS latitude. The Arabs found this island in the 10th century, and in the 17th century, it was occupied by France, who introduced massive coffee and sugar crops. A lot of slaves have been sent to Reunion Island to function on these farms, and these are the persons who introduced cannabis seeds for cultivation and consumption.
It is accepted that the slaves (exactly where the name Zamal comes from) from Africa and India brought to Reunion Island various varieties of Zamal, traditionally utilised with spiritual, but also medicinal purposes, to alleviate discomfort, anxiousness, and fatigue.
Organic choice, primarily based on the survival of the lines and phenotypes much better adapted to the climate of the island, gave rise to various sorts of strains, all of them with a distinct Sativa nature. The island’s climate and photoperiod, propitious for all year round flowering, favoured Sativa plants the most, which created vigorously in spite of the brief days and have been extremely resistant to humidity, with a flower structure substantially fluffier and airier than that of Indica strains.
Zamal’s various genetic lines
Based on the region, we can locate various genetic lines that evolved according to elements such as their origins, the microclimate they adapted to, and the other cannabis lineages they have been crossed with (or not), by way of the wind, animals, and even growers that could have taken the pollen (or the seeds) from 1 region to a further. These various sorts of Zamal are designated by the term Kality, which indicates the species and/or high quality of the harvest (ripe, with seeds, and so on.).
Zamal Mangu’ Carot
Zamal Mango Carrot is 1 of the most renowned strains, and it is characterized by a fruity terpene profile that combines notes of mango and carrot, and occasionally grows close to mango trees. This strain is generally Sativa, extremely tall and with a extended flowering time.
Zamal Kalité Poiw
This Zamal line presents a spicy aroma. Native to the Cirque of Mafate, Kality Poiw is also identified in some circles as Peppermint Mallow, due to its purple tones and black pepper notes so characteristic of this strain.
Zamal Fil Rouge
Zamal Fil Rouge is largely present in the Cirque de Salazie, but it is also identified in Mafate. As the name suggests, this strain develops red pistils through flowering.
Le sec au pied (dried whilst standing)
This is a extremely various Sativa lineage of the Zamal, whose alleged origin would be Afghanistan or North Africa. Incredibly resinous, this weed induces intense effects, primarily simply because it is normally harvested just after drying it (therefore the name).
Other strains names are Une Taff and Le Grain… They do not refer to the plant genetic traits, but the high quality of the flowers: Une Taff owes this name to its devastating energy, whilst Le Grain is a pollinated plant that, as a result, includes quite a few seeds.
Increasing traits of Zamal
Outside cultivation of Zamal
In its organic atmosphere, Zamal weed grows all through the year with a flowering photoperiod, producing up for the lack of a vegetative phase with vigorous development and a blooming period of numerous months. When this strain receives lots of light, water and nutrients, it develops massive plants of excellent dimensions and numerous meters tall.
Harvesting the mature buds straight from the Zamal with out cutting the plant, is a frequent practice in Reunion Island. This way, the plant will continue to develop and flower, offering quite a few harvests for numerous years.
In Europe, Zamal’s outside cultivation can be a small bit additional complicated, as it requirements three to four months of flowering in order to mature but these plants have a excellent resistance that enables them to go via the final phase with out a challenge.
Indoor cultivation of Zamal
In an indoor develop, the grower should manage the size of the plants by pruning, folding, utilizing the SCROG or LST approaches, and even cultivating them with a 12/12 light cycle from the extremely starting in order to limit their height.
Today’s cannabis market place presents various strains of Zamal weed in the type of seeds, from 100% Sativa varieties, such as Zamaldelica by Ace Seeds, Double Zamal by Underground Seeds, and Mango Pepper and Mangu Karot by French Touch Seeds, but also hybrids that are straightforward to develop thanks to their decreased flowering time and vegetative vigour, like Zamalmystik by the Underground Seeds Collective.