Legalizing recreational marijuana has had minimal impact on crime prices in Colorado and Washington, according to a study funded by the U.S. federal government.
The Division of Justice commissioned researchers from Washington State University, the University of Utah and Stockton University to conduct the study, which was published currently. Colorado and Washington have been the initial two states to permit adult-use cannabis, so they became the concentrate of the investigation.
The group analyzed month-to-month crime rates as compiled in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports from 1999 to 2016. It compared this information with monthly crime prices to these in 21 states where recreational and medicinal marijuana use remains illegal in order to draw conclusions on its effect upon violent and house crime.
The study discovered no statistically significant long-term effects of legal recreational cannabis sales crime prices in either state. Washington basically saw a decline in burglary prices, so possible burglars may perhaps have decided against robbing homes immediately after finding stoned.
The findings recommend legalization and sales of marijuana have had minimal impact on significant crimes in each states.
“This is but a single study and legalization of marijuana is nonetheless somewhat new, but by replicating our findings, policymakers can answer the query of how legalization impacts crime,” stated a single of the authors, Dale W. Willits, an assistant professor of criminal justice and criminology at WSU.
Lead author Ruibin Lu, an assistant professor of criminal justice at Stockton University, stated the group felt it was critical to apply “robust empirical methods” to parse out the effects of this action on crime in the initial years immediately after legalization.
The researchers stated they really feel their investigation is robust, and that the legalization of marijuana has not resulted in a substantial upward trend in crime prices, contrasting earlier research on the similar subject.
Oregon, Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Michigan, Vermont and Illinois have joined Colorado and Washington in legalizing recreational cannabis use, and campaigns are afoot to see it permitted elsewhere in the U.S.